Pritzker: ‘Time to celebrate’ signing of $15 minimum wage bill
First increase will take effect in January 2020
By JERRY NOWICKI
Capitol News Illinois
SPRINGFIELD – Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed a bill to raise Illinois’ minimum wage to $15 an hour by 2025 Tuesday in the Governor’s Mansion, declaring his first major legislative victory “a time to celebrate.”
“For nine years there were many forces that were arrayed against giving a raise to the people who work so hard to provide home care for seniors, childcare for toddlers, who wash dishes at the diner, and who farm our fields,” Pritzker said. “Today is a victory for the cause of economic justice.”
The signing represents a delivery on one of Pritzker’s major campaign promises a little more than one month into his tenure as governor – albeit without any support from Republican lawmakers.
Illinois Senate Majority Leader Kimberly Lightford, a Maywood Democrat who ushered Senate Bill 1’s passage through the Senate, said Pritzker “got done in 30 days” what she has been trying to accomplish for 10 years.
“I’m so grateful that I’ve been able to just stay the course,” she said.
Lightford has sponsored several minimum wage increases since 2010, when Illinois’ minimum wage last saw an increase of 25 cents to the current rate of $8.25. If any of those bills had passed, the current minimum wage would be more than $10 hourly today.
A bill she sent to former Republican Gov. Bruce Rauner in 2017 would have made the minimum wage $15 by 2022, but he vetoed the proposal.
Pritzker, Lightford and Illinois Restaurant Association President Sam Toia called the bill a compromise between business and labor interests, but Republicans blasted the effort in a news release shortly after the signing.
“This is only the beginning of J.B. Pritzker’s war on taxpayers and small business,” Illinois Republican Party Chairman Tim Schneider said in a statement. “Nearly doubling the minimum wage will destroy entry-level jobs, raise prices for consumers, and bust budgets at every level of government.”
The Illinois Retail Merchants Association and the Illinois Manufacturers’ Association have openly criticized the fast-tracked passage of the bill as well.
But Toia, whose restaurant association members employ more than 577,000 people in the state, said he was thankful for being at the table for negotiations.
“The legislation signed by the governor today is a reasonable, balanced approach that takes into account many of the concerns of the restaurant industry,” he said. “This was a compromise. I rebut anyone that says this wasn’t a compromise.”
The rollout of the increase will begin in January 2020, when the wage goes from $8.25 to $9.25 before hitting $10 on July 1. From 2021 to 2025, the wage will see a $1 bump every January until it levels off at $15.
Toia praised the bill for maintaining a tip credit which allows employers to pay tipped workers 60 percent of the minimum wage if tips make up the other 40 percent.
A training wage for teen workers is also included in the bill, allowing employers to pay 50 cents to $2 less than the regular minimum wage over the six-year rollout to workers under 18 years of age who work fewer than 650 hours for an employer in a calendar year.
Small businesses with less than 50 full-time equivalent employees will also be able to take advantage of an income tax credit which allows employers to keep 25 percent of the increased money paid to minimum-wage workers from the previous year.
The 25 percent credit will decrease by 4 percent each year, leveling off at 5 percent for two years and extending an extra year for businesses with five or fewer full-time equivalent employees.
Lightford said an added benefit for business is the infusion of more money into the economy for those most likely to spend it.
“I want to put a little shout out to all the little boys and girls whose parents get up when they're still sleeping … so they can have a roof over their head and make them happy,” she said. “I'm just hoping that they're able to take their little children to catch a movie or do something fun, because now the economic engine will be turning.”
Iesha Townsend, a minimum-wage worker at a Chicago McDonald’s location, gifted a “Fight for $15” T-shirt to Pritzker after the signing and said the organization will continue to fight for worker rights, including unionization efforts. She said her $12 minimum earned is not enough to provide for her two sons.
“With the hours I work, I should be able to stand on my two feet and provide for my children without food stamps or Medicaid,” she said.
But Republicans and business owners said Democrats are overlooking possible repercussions of the bill, including a potential loss of 93,000 to 96,000 jobs in the state, according to the conservative Employment Policies Institute and the National Federation of Independent Business, a small business advocacy group.
Democrats have rebutted the job loss numbers, and Pritzker touted his own business background and pointed to his Wednesday budget address as containing business-growing measures, although he did not offer specifics.
“There are so many other things we need to do, like create jobs in the state, like allow small businesses the opportunity to access capital so they can grow those businesses, like helping us innovate and create new businesses in the state,” Pritzker said. “I understand very acutely the importance of growing the economy. That's why the proposals that I've made and the budget that I will present tomorrow is as it is now.”
He also said he “continues to work with” Republicans about issues facing the state, although the Illinois GOP chairman remained critical Tuesday.
“Pritzker pledged to govern differently and listen to all parties and stakeholders, but those turned out to be meaningless words,” Schneider said.
With Democratic supermajorities in the House and Senate, Pritzker might not need Republican support for his progressive agenda, which he rededicated himself to implementing Tuesday.
“We make no little plans, so stay tuned,” he said.
Path to Passage
A timeline of events leading to the Legislature’s passage this month of a law raising the minimum wage in Illinois to $15 an hour by 2025:
July 2010 – Illinois’ minimum wage hits its current rate of $8.25 per hour, a rate that remains stagnant for nearly 10 years.
2013 – Senate Bill 68 is introduced in the 98th General Assembly to increase the minimum wage to $9.25 on Oct. 1, 2014, $10 on July 1, 2015, and $10.65 on July 1, 2016. The bill does not receive a vote in either chamber.
2015 – Senate Bill 11 is introduced in the 99th General Assembly to increase the minimum wage to $9 beginning July 1, 2015, and by 50 cents each July 1 until July 1, 2019, at which point the minimum wage would be $11. The bill passes the Senate 35-18-1, but fails to receive a committee hearing in the House.
January 2017 – Senate Bill 81 is introduced in the 100th General Assembly to raise the state’s minimum wage to $15 by 2022. The bill is carried by Sen. Kimberly Lightford ( D-Maywood) and Rep. Will Guzzardi (D-Chicago), both of whom would later usher this session’s SB1 through their respective chambers. The bill passes the Senate by a 30-23-2 vote and the House by a 61-53-2 vote, but is vetoed by Republican Gov. Bruce Rauner in August 2017.
Jan. 9, 2019 – Senate Bill 1 is introduced in the 101st General Assembly as a shell bill with no substantial language.
Jan. 30, 2019 – The Senate Labor Committee has its first subject matter hearing on a minimum wage increase, kicking off discussion on the matter in the 101st General Assembly.
Feb. 6, 2019 – Senator Lightford files substantial language detailing the minimum wage hike over a six-year period. On the same day, the Senate Executive Committee adopts Lightford’s bill language to increase the wage to $15 by 2025 on a 13-6 partisan vote.
Feb. 7, 2019 – Gov. J.B. Pritzker, who campaigned on the passage of a minimum wage increase, joins the Senate Democrats for a private caucus prior to a floor vote on the issue. Minutes later, the Senate votes 39-18 to approve SB1. The group later holds a news conference celebrating the bill’s advancement.
Feb. 11, 2019 – A group of downstate business representatives hold a news conference at the Capitol blasting the minimum wage increase as an “open invitation” for businesses to leave the state. They also detail potential layoffs, closures and raised rates at their businesses.
Feb. 13, 2019 – The House Labor and Commerce committee passes SB1 on a 19-10 partisan roll call and heads to the House for a full floor vote.
Feb. 14, 2019 – The Illinois House votes 69-47-1 with only Democratic support to pass SB1. Gov. Pritzker indicates in a news release he will sign the bill “in the coming days.”
Feb. 19, 2019 – Gov. J.B. Pitzker signs Senate Bill 1 into law.
Jan. 1, 2020 – Illinois’ minimum wage will increase from $8.25 to $9.25.
July 1, 2020 – Minimum wage will increase to $10.
Jan. 1, 2021 – Minimum wage will increase to $11.
Jan. 1, 2022 – Minimum wage will increase to $12.
Jan. 1, 2023 – Minimum wage will increase to $13.
Jan. 1, 2024 – Minimum wage will increase to $14.
Jan. 1, 2025 – Minimum wage will increase to $15.